In some dry regions, like the southwestern United States, choosing the proper plants for your landscape might actually seem like a challenge. However, there are several drought-tolerant shrubs, trees, vines, and flowers that could continue to thrive and look great, no matter the weather.
These plants are known to help you minimize the time and money you usually spend on watering your garden. In fact, some of them might prefer growing in poor soil, and this means that you won’t have to worry about using fertilizer anymore!
And as a tip, we want to let you know that there are many plants from the sunny, sandy Mediterranean region that have low water requirements. Some of these plants include herbs, like thyme and oregano, so you can also have drought-tolerant plants that are also edible! Here are some of our favorite picks:
There are many species of aloe, this beautiful flowering succulent grows in large rosettes and feels good in hot, and dry climates. So many people out there are already in love with this plant, thanks to its versatility and beauty.
There are various aloe vera species, of them including jewel aloe, soap aloe, coral aloe, and tiger aloe. They’re all drought-tolerant landscaping plants. Depending on their species, these aloe plants usually have gray to bright green leaves, and sometimes even a striped or mottled appearance. When it’s summer and there are usually no rainfalls, the best thing to do is to water your aloe plants roughly every other week.
Artemisia is that kind of plant that has hundreds of species which include hardy herbs and shrubs. For example, the culinary herb tarragon, also known as Artemisia dracunculus, is one of the species. These plants are known to have intricate leaf patterns and silvery gray or white foliage, and they’re aromatic.
They go very well with mixed borders with ornamental grasses, succulents, and various drought-tolerant specimens. Water this plant whenever you notice that the soil starts to dry out. Once established, these plants are extremely tolerant to drought and heat, so you won’t have to worry.
Yes, the flower of this plant is edible, and you’ve eaten it before. Artichoke plants are known to have an upright growth habit, as they reach heights of 3 to 6 feet. Their leaves are so deeply lobed with prickly spines, and they range from a green to a gray-green color.
Plus, their stems are thick. When the flower isn’t harvested, it blossoms, and the buds open up and reveal beautiful purple flowers. The native land of the artichoke is the southern Mediterranean, so if you live in a similar climate, you can easily grow it. It’s not only great because it’s edible, but it’s also a very good-looking ornamental plant.
The beardtongue has around 250 species of flowering plants in North America. They nicely grow and evolve in many climates, including deserts, mountains, and even plains. Beardtongue has tube-shaped flowers to grow in clusters on rigid stems.
And guess what? These plants are the ones that bees and hummingbirds love the most. They are very low-maintenance and drought-tolerant once you’ve planted them. If there aren’t constant rainfalls in your area, you might have to water them every couple of weeks.
They also need to have fast drainage to avoid root rot. Also, it’s worth mentioning that under ideal conditions, they might even grow a bit aggressively, so you need to be prepared to cut them off so you can limit their spread.
This type of ornamental grass is rapidly growing, forming clumps of narrow, arching, purplish-red leaves that grow as much as 3 feet tall. During summer, these flower spikes grow even more above the leaves, which will only enhance your garden.
Fountain grass will have even a darker and shinier color with full sun and medium soil moisture, but it’s also known to tolerate some drought. However, if in your region it hasn’t been raining for quite some time, it would be recommended to water your plant. Also, make sure to watch out for its growth habit, as some types of fountain grass might have to be staked for support.
Geranium is a genuinely hardy plant. Most species are blooming in the late spring. Some of them, especially new varieties, like the “Rozanne” hybrid, keep on blooming until the first frost of the fall. Geraniums are low-growing, mound-forming plants that look just like a small shrubs.
They also have a long life span, as they can easily thrive for decades. Plus, they are definitely one of the easiest plants to propagate via cuttings. The majority of Geranium types are extremely tolerant to heat and drought. Once planted, they can go for long stretches without any water, but it’s recommended to give them some water during the growing season if there hasn’t been any rainfall.
Anigozanthos is a plant that originally grows in Australia and has only 11 species, but many more subspecies. Did you know that the red-and-green kangaroo paw is the floral emblem of Western Australia?
The plants are shaped like a rosette of long green to gray-green leaves at their base. From that, tall, leafless flower stalks grow from this rosette. This plant grows naturally in dry and sandy areas and can survive long periods of time without rain, thanks to the sap that is stored in its roots. Even so, they grow and flower best with a moderate amount of soil moisture, so water them once in two weeks.
The lavender plant has stunning spikes of bluish-purple flowers that bloom during spring. The appearance of this plant depends a lot on its genus. Some types of lavender have simple narrow oval leaves, and some have more intricate foliage.
The plant can also grow in shrubs that reach a few feet tall. Lavender is well-known for its calming fragrance, and both the flowers and silvery-green foliage are harvested for their oils or dried to be used in potpourris and sachets.
As it originates from the dry, sandy soil of the Mediterranean, lavender has evolved a lot to subsist on little water. During the first year of growth, you should focus on keeping the soil moisturized.
New Zeeland Tea Tree
The New Zeeland tea tree is the evergreen shrub with some of the most fragrant small, prickly, aromatic leaves. The alternative medicine wildly recommends essential oils that are made out of its leaves, but also various preparations of its bark.
The plant has showy white, pink, or even red flowers in the early summer, which are great at attracting bees and other pollinators. In the first year after you’ve planted it, it’s best to water it constantly, so the soil will be constantly moisturized.
Then, the more it grows, its drought tolerance enhances. But you should still water them if it hadn’t rained in your area for a while. Also, you have to check if the soil is loose and has good drainage, as the plant isn’t tolerant to heavy soil.
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